Perfect Security Management vs. Perfect Security Management ‘System’
Not long ago, a man entered a building in Seoul with a fake ID. However, no one realized what had happened until the man got involved in some trouble and was caught. Did the security breach occur because the security system was outdated? Or was it because the security management was lax?
Of course, the security systems installed in most buildings are not that bad. I believe the man got through the gate not because the system was inherently flawed but because of a mistake somewhere in the process. Well, ‘the security system’ that we have to create now cannot afford even mistakes with a 0.1% chance of occurring.
In the abovementioned example, the smart card, metal detector and speed gate all worked independently. There was no integrated system designed to control outsiders’ access to the building. Because of the manual processes involved, the security breach was not detected for quite a while. Of course, there was no real-time control of the security situation. The security management systems installed in most companies are characterized by the following three principles: individual security system management, manual security situation detection, and responses dependent on the operator’s ability.
What if the control tower had immediately detected that the metal detector and speed gate were turned off? What if it could have taken the immediate actions prescribed in the procedures? Perhaps, the result would have been very different.
Security Management System that Predicts Accidents
LG CNS’s Smart Security Management System is an integrated security system that can take preemptive measures in diverse security situations according to predefined processes. To protect customers’ assets, it makes intelligent decisions. It realizes a ‘smart security environment’ through its ‘enhanced communication ability.’
LG CNS’s Smart Security is characterized by the preemptive prevention of security accidents through security risk prediction and early responses, and the maximization of security management efficiency through real-time detection/blockade and automation.
The security personnel can monitor all the security situations at domestic and overseas sites. The security standards set up at the headquarters are applied to all the operation sites across the globe. Concentrated monitoring can be programmed for those with a high risk of security breaches. Security logs and videos are available at the same location, minimizing efforts to collect individual system logs. LG CNS’s Smart Security Service is in operation at more than seventy operation sites run by twenty-six LG Group subsidiary companies at home and abroad.
‘Smart Security’ is not a control-oriented security solution: it is rather a ‘safety solution’ that even offers convenience and safety. The solution is based on the ‘single ID multi chip.’ For each user, his/her smart card, smartphone and bio information (fingerprints, irises, etc.) are controlled all together. Users can receive the same services (access to workplaces, use of all-in-one printers, settlement of charges, etc.) through a variety of media. Through the LG CNS solution, employees can take taxis with employee cards or access facilities with their own smartphones.
LG CNS has adopted NFC technologies so that its employees can access facilities with their own smartphones. In terms of convenience and usability, the technical arrangement suits the new trends of facility access control very well.
NFC Access Control Ensuring both Convenience and Safety
NFC (Near Field Communication) is a contactless short-range wireless technology with a bandwidth of 13.56MHz. Combined with mobile devices including smartphones, it enables data communications between terminals. It also provides compatibility with traditional contactless-type smart card technology and RFID (Radio Frequency Identification).
As shown in the picture below, an NFC Mobile Phone equipped with NFC is loaded with an SE (Security Element), an NFC chipset and an antenna, enabling it to function in three modes (Card Emulation Mode, Reader Mode and P2P Mode). Through these three modes, a mobile phone becomes an upgraded phone that works not just for facility access but also for a diversity of other convenience features.
In the ‘Card Emulation Mode’, a smartphone works like a credit card. It can perform all the functions of a typical credit card including payment for merchandise and transportation services or the accumulation of bonus points. In the ‘Reader Mode,’ a smartphone becomes a reader and can read information on other cards. It can check the balance on one’s transportation card and recharge it when necessary. The ‘P2P Mode’ enables the exchange of contents (pictures, music and videos) between devices.
There are a couple of methods of adopting NFC such as ‘USIM(UICC)’ initiated by mobile carriers, ‘microSD’ with a removable flash memory card used for storing information and ‘embedded SE’ equipped with NFC at the time of mobile device manufacture. In Korea, USIM is widely used, with transportation card and mobile credit card features mostly being offered through USIM chips.
LG CNS has applied NFC with such diverse functions to facility access control. In collaboration with mobile carriers, LG CNS has developed a new facility access security service by loading a smartphone USIM (Universal Subscriber Identity Module) applet onto an employee ID card. It is the country’s first NFC access security service, a combination of NFC and LG CNS’s smart security services.
With the system, employees at public agencies or companies no longer need separate plastic employee ID cards. Their smartphones become their ID cards once they download an applet with their own Single ID provided by their organizations onto their NFC smartphone USIM chips.
LG CNS is now test-operating the NFC access security service within the company. LG CNS is planning to continue to add diverse payment services to the system. Employees will be able to pay for transportation services for business purposes, redeem their welfare points or purchase goods or services in connection with their salaries.
Previously, short-range wireless services based on contactless telecommunication technologies focused on futuristic services. Now, the services have met NFC. It is so promising that the combination of the two is on the verge of becoming a reality. Markets predict that the proportion of NFC phones will jump from 8.3% in 2011 to 85.9% in 2015. It is time to prepare ourselves for dramatic increases in NFC infrastructure and NFC application services.
I personally look forward to NFC coming much closer to our daily lives very soon. Don’t you?
Written by JEE YOUNG LEE(firstname.lastname@example.org)